An airline pilot’s work schedule can vary significantly depending on seniority and the type of flying the pilot does. Often, these two factors work hand in hand.
In many industries, you have to pay your dues before you can enjoy career advancement and the perks that those lower down the pecking don’t get to experience. The airline industry is no exception.
Seniority is everything as an airline pilot.
A pilot’s seniority starts the day they get hired by the airline. It also doesn’t transfer between airlines, so pilots will rarely switch airlines as people do in other careers.
Airline seniority is so important because it determines:
- A pilot’s monthly schedule, the routes flow, and when a vacation can be taken
- Where a pilot will be based and what aircraft can be flown
- How quickly a pilot can progress from first officer to captain, and from a regional airline to a major airline
- How much a pilot will earn
As you can see, seniority affects a pilot’s schedule in several ways. It is therefore hard to be specific when talking about schedules.
However, generally, a newly hired pilot working for a major airline will fly domestically for a few years before switching over to international.
More senior pilots are more likely to fly long-haul, which might only include flying two legs during a week compared to a regional pilot who may fly 20-30 legs over the course of the same week.
Senior pilots are more likely to be able to choose which trips to take as well as their days off. While airline pilots aren’t necessarily known for enjoying a great amount of work-life balance, senior pilots who are more likely to have families have it better than younger, less experienced pilots. They are more likely to have their bids and requests of more favorable routes and schedules granted, resulting in a better work-life balance.
How Many Hours a Week/Month/Year Do Airline Pilots Work?
Airline pilots are permitted to fly no more than 30 hours in any 7 consecutive days, 100 hours a month, and 1,000 hours a year. On average, airline pilots will fly around 85 hours a week, and 700 hours a year.
Keep in mind that the above only applies to flight time and not all the other tasks that pilots carry out between the trip, each leg, and at the end of the trip (paperwork, pre-flights, post-flights, clearances).
How Many Days Off Do Pilots Have a Month?
Again, seniority is king. Junior pilots can expect to have a minimum of 12 days off, whereas senior pilots can enjoy as many as 20 days off. 15 days is approximately the average. There isn’t necessarily a set amount of days off a pilot takes a week, but it usually amounts to 2-3 days off weekly.
When Do Pilots Receive Their Schedule?
When a pilot receives their schedule is largely dependent on the airline. Pilots can either receive their schedules a month before their first scheduled flight or just a week or two in advance. Typically, schedules are received by mid-month. The extent of trip trading depends on the airline, though generally, most pilots fly what is assigned to them.